Tuberculosis (TB) or tuberculosis bacteria are present in about 35% of the population in India. On an average, 5 lakh deaths occur in India every year due to this disease. Every minute, somewhere in the world, someone or the other loses his life due to tuberculosis (TB). TB disease bacteria are present in the patient’s sputum and if not treated on time, a TB patient spreads the disease to at least 10 to 15 new people every year.
When a TB patient coughs or sneezes, thousands of TB bacteria come out. Out of these, the big droplets fall on the ground, but the small droplets float in the air. Because of this, it can spread rapidly among the poor or laborers who live with the whole family in a small house. These TB bacteria reach the lungs and other organs of other family members by breathing.
How is TB disease transmitted to children?
Children who are weak fall prey to them quickly. By reaching the lungs of children, it creates a reaction. After completing one cycle in 8 to 10 weeks, the bacteria reach the dormant stage. During this, children show symptoms like fever, cold, cold etc. Children who have good immunity, they get cured from it, but children who are malnourished or whose immunity is weak, it becomes necessary to get timely treatment in such children, otherwise this TB disease can cause other diseases of children along with lungs. Can also make organs its prey.
To diagnose TB in children, tests like blood test, sputum test, X-ray, sonography, etc. are done. TB is diagnosed for 6 months to 1 year of treatment. With timely treatment, it can be completely cured. If treatment is stopped in the middle, then MDR TB disease can occur which is difficult to cure, so it is very important to complete treatment.
What are the symptoms of TB disease in children?
As we have read so far, it is very important for you to be aware of its symptoms for timely diagnosis and treatment of TB. Some of the major symptoms of TB disease are as follows:
- fever : Frequent fever in children.
- eyes red: Red eyes with fever.
- Weight Loss: Children’s weight loss or weight gain with age.
- Cough : If the problem of cough lasts for more than a week in children, the doctor must be seen. Sometimes coughing can be accompanied by blood in the phlegm or thrush.
- to sweat : Sweating at night while sleeping.
- Loss of appetite: Loss of appetite in children Despite having a favorite food, the child eats less.
- Chest pain : Chest pain while breathing. This can also happen due to filling of TB water in the lungs.
- Abdominal pain : Symptoms of abdominal pain and abdominal bloating or flatulence are also seen in some TB patients.
- Leg weakness: In some TB patients, symptoms of weakness in the legs, limping or swelling in the joints are seen.
- Headache : Symptoms like severe headache, vomiting, heaviness in the head, fainting are also seen.
- Knot in neck: Lump in the throat and pus coming out of it.
- Irritability: unreasonable irritability of children
- Blood in urine: The child does not have any problem in urination, yet there is pus or blood in the urine.
If any of the above-mentioned symptoms are seen, parents should get their child examined by a good doctor. Hope you find this information useful.