Uric acid is a byproduct of the digestion of purine-containing foods. Purines are abundant in certain foods, including beer, red meat, seafood like sardines, organ meat etc. It is a fact that in our body, purines are generated and broken down as well.
Uric acid is normally removed from the body through the kidneys and urine. Uric acid can accumulate in your blood if you ingest too much purine in your diet or if your body is unable to eliminate this byproduct quickly enough.
Genetics, obesity, and diet are some of the reasons behind uric acid accumulation inside our body.
If the uric acid level in our body becomes high, it can lead to kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, some types of cancers, and psoriasis. Here’s how you can lower the purine level in your body.
Also read: Understanding The Link Between Uric Acid And Rheumatoid Arthritis
Avoid Having Foods Rich In Purine
A studies conducted in China suggested that a higher intake of purine-rich foods was associated with an increased risk of hyperuricemia or elevated uric acid level. Controlling the intake of animal-derived foods and legumes would be more advantageous to controlling the risk of hyperuricemia, which might serve as a guide to hyperuricemia prevention.
You need to limit purine rich food in your diet. Meat, seafood, and vegetables are examples of purine-rich foods. When these foods are digested, they all produce uric acid.
Avoid or limit your consumption of foods such as:
- Organ meats
- red meat
- Fish Shellfish
Avoid food that are Sugary
While high uric acid levels are generally associated with a protein-rich diet, sugar consumption may also have a role.
Fructose is a naturally occurring sugar that can be found in fruits and honey. Purines are released and uric acid levels rise as your body breaks down fructose.
Table sugar, corn syrup, and high fructose corn syrup are some of the various sugars added to food.
Follow these steps to lower the amount of your sugar intake
- Consume less processed and packaged meals.
- Look for added sugars on food labels.
- Fresh fruits can satisfy sugar cravings.
- Consume more whole foods.
- Avoid Sugar Sweetened Beverages
Research proved that in an adult population, consumption of sugar sweetened beverages was substantially related with higher serum uric acid concentrations.
You can replace sugary beverages with:
- Coffee, unsweetened & herbal
- Black or green tea
- Effervescent water (without added sugar)
stay away from alcohol
Drinking alcohol can cause dehydration. According to research published in pubmed central, alcohol can elevate uric acid levels.
Beer, for example, has a higher purine concentration than other types of alcohol. However, even low-purine alcoholic beverages can enhance purine synthesis in the body.
Alcohol speeds up the metabolism of nucleotides, which are another source of purines that can be converted to uric acid.
Alcohol also alters the rate at which uric acid is released, which can result in elevated blood levels.
Try To Reduce Your Weight
Obesity may play a role in high uric acid levels. Carrying excess pounds might increase uric acid synthesis and decrease uric acid elimination through the urine.
Avoid fad diets and crash dieting if you are overweight. Speak with a nutritionist about a healthy diet and weight loss plan you can stick to. Your doctor can advise you on a healthy weight goal based on your body type.