Cervical spondylosis is a degenerative condition that affects the bones, discs, and joints in the neck. It is caused by wear and tear on the cervical spine, which can lead to the formation of bone spurs, herniated discs, and other issues. One of the main symptoms of cervical spondylosis is neck pain, which can range from mild to severe. This pain is often accompanied by stiffness and a reduced range of motion in the neck. Other symptoms can include headaches, numbness or tingling in the arms and hands, and weakness in the muscles of the neck, shoulders, and arms. dr. Raghu Nagaraj, Director- Orthopedics & Joint Replacement Surgeon, Fortis Hospital, Cunningham Road, Bangalore brings forth more detailed information about cervical spondylosis in this article.
Causes of Cervical Spondylosis
The exact cause of cervical spondylosis is not known, but it is believed to be related to the natural aging process. As we age, the discs in our spine begin to lose water content, which makes them less flexible and more prone to damage. In addition, the bones in the cervical spine can develop small outgrowths called bone spurs, which can also contribute to the development of cervical spondylosis.
- Risk factors for cervical spondylosis include age, genetics, and certain lifestyle factors.
- For example, people who have a family history of the condition may be more likely to develop it, as are those who engage in activities that put a lot of stress on the cervical spine, such as heavy lifting or repetitive motions.
Diagnosis of Cervical Spondylosis
Diagnosis of cervical spondylosis typically begins with a physical examination and review of symptoms. Imaging tests, such as X-rays or MRI, may be used to confirm the diagnosis and identify any specific issues that may be causing the pain and other symptoms.
Also Read: 7 Best Exercises For Relieving Neck Pain
Treatment for cervical spondylosis typically begins with conservative measures, such as physical therapy and medications to manage pain and inflammation. Physical therapy can help to strengthen the muscles of the neck and improve range of motion, while pain medications can help to reduce pain and inflammation.
Also Read: Is Spondylosis Treatment Without Surgery Possible?
In some cases, more invasive treatments may be necessary. For example, if a herniated disc is causing significant pain and other symptoms, surgery may be required to remove the disc and relieve the pressure on the nerves. In other cases, cervical spondylosis can be treated with a cervical collar or brace, which can help stabilize the neck and reduce pain.
How to reduce the risk of cervical spondylosis
In addition to these treatment options, there are also steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of developing cervical spondylosis or to manage the symptoms of the condition. For example, maintaining a healthy weight and engaging in regular exercise can help reduce stress on the cervical spine, while practicing good posture and avoiding activities that put a lot of stress on the neck can also be beneficial.
In conclusion, cervical spondylosis is a degenerative condition that affects the bones, discs, and joints in the neck. It is caused by wear and tear on the cervical spine, which can lead to the formation of bone spurs, herniated discs, and other issues. The main symptoms of cervical spondylosis are neck pain, stiffness, and reduced range of motion. There are several treatment options available, including physical therapy, medications, surgery, and cervical collar or brace. Additionally, there are steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of developing cervical spondylosis or to manage the symptoms of the condition, such as maintaining a healthy weight, engaging in regular exercise, practicing good posture and avoiding activities that put a lot of stress. on the neck.